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It's primary day in Vermont. Why do voters there choose a governor every 2 years?

Thursday, Jan. 7, 2021, Republican Gov. Phil Scott wears a mask as he takes the Oath of Office on the steps of the Vermont Statehouse in Montpelier, Vt., beginning his third two-year term. Vermont is one of two states that holds elections for governor every two years.
Wilson Ring
/
AP
Thursday, Jan. 7, 2021, Republican Gov. Phil Scott wears a mask as he takes the Oath of Office on the steps of the Vermont Statehouse in Montpelier, Vt., beginning his third two-year term. Vermont is one of two states that holds elections for governor every two years.

Updated August 10, 2022 at 12:58 PM ET

Tuesday, there are primaries for governor in Connecticut, Minnesota, Wisconsin and Vermont. Three of those states hold elections for governor every four years. That's the norm. But Republican Gov. Phil Scott, in Vermont, is running for his fourth term after first being elected in 2016.

There are several reasons why Vermont and New Hampshire are the last two states to keep a two-year term. There's a sense with some voters that they want the opportunity to review how a governor is doing every two years.

Some believe there's a benefit to having a governor address current issues and defend their priorities in a statewide campaign every two years. If something bad takes place — let's say, a scandal of some sort or an unexpected development that becomes a dominant issue for the state — then voters have a chance to give the incumbent either a vote of confidence or vote them out of office.

It's worth noting that unlike some states, Vermont does not have a recall process to remove a governor from office, so the two-year term serves as a method of accountability.

It also requires a constitutional amendment to change to a four-year term, and that's a very long, difficult process.

The two-year term has been on the minds of lawmakers for more than 100 years.

Vermont actually went to a two-year term in 1870, but then in 1880 there was an effort to switch back — but it failed. Since 1880, there have been nearly 20 efforts to amend the Vermont constitution to expand the governor's term to four years. All attempts have been unsuccessful.

There's more to this story at Vermont Public

Copyright 2022 Vermont Public

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Bob Kinzel
Bob is a veteran Vermont journalist, specializing in political reporting. He is based in VPR’s Capital Bureau located across the street from Vermont’s Statehouse. Prior to joining VPR full time in 2002, Bob ran the Vermont News Service for 21 years. The service provided daily local news for eleven stations, including VPR. Bob started the News Service following a stint as news director for WNCS.