Nursing Homes See Worker Infections, Low Vaccination Rates
A report released Thursday by AARP shows that Florida had the nation’s highest percentage of nursing homes reporting new COVID-19 infections among staff members during a four-week period in June and July.
The Florida facilities also had the second-lowest worker vaccination rate in the nation.
In addition, the AARP report showed that Florida lagged in vaccinating nursing home residents, with 73% of residents considered fully vaccinated. Nationally, 81.7% of nursing home residents were fully vaccinated.
Forty percent of the state’s nursing homes reported COVID-19 cases among staff members during the four-week period. With just 45.1% of long-term care staff vaccinated, Florida was well behind the 60.4% national average.
The large percentage of unvaccinated workers virtually guaranteed high COVID-19 infection rates, AARP Florida State Director Jeff Johnson said.
“We saw this coming when it became clear that Florida trailed the nation in vaccinations of health-care workers,” Johnson said in a prepared statement. “Unvaccinated staff members living in communities with rising coronavirus cases makes it inevitable that our nursing home residents will suffer.”
COVID-19 infections are surging because of the rampant spread of the delta variant of the novel coronavirus. The virus is attacking mostly unvaccinated people and has led to a large increase in hospitalizations in Florida and across the nation.
Researchers working on the AARP analysis warned that the data could get worse. They noted that nursing homes reported twice as many COVID 19 infections among workers and residents during the week of July 18 than the week of June 20.
“And more recent data shows an increase in cases and deaths in the week following July 18,” the researchers wrote.
Vaccination rates among workers at Florida nursing homes have remained relatively stagnant, according to AARP. An early analysis of the coronavirus and how it spread from one nursing home in Kings County, Wash., to at least eight other long-term care facilities noted that staff members who worked in more than one nursing home played a factor in the spread.
Nursing home residents and staff members were among the first people nationally and in Florida to have access to COVID-19 vaccines, as the disease is particularly dangerous to seniors and people with underlying health conditions.
Sixty-five percent of the 200-member staff at Aviva Senior Living in Sarasota is vaccinated against COVID-19, according to CEO Jay Solomon. The vaccination rate is better than the 45.1% statewide average — something that Solomon attributed to a decision to hire a nurse manager to serve as what he described as the “vaccine coordinator.”
But after seeing an increase in the percentage of positive COVID-19 tests in Sarasota County, Aviva Senior Living announced this week that all its staff would be required to be fully vaccinated by Oct. 1. Solomon said the company is recognizing medical and religious exemptions.
So far, the response to the mandate has been mixed, according to Solomon. Some staff members who were opposed to getting vaccinated have “started the process,” which Solomon said is “a really great sign.”
But Solomon said three newly hired employees did not attend a staff orientation meeting Thursday. Another two employees who have worked at Aviva for about six months have “resigned and walked off.”
“We don’t know whether it was the vaccine mandate. They have not given us the opportunity to speak with them,” Solomon said of the new no-show employees and the two who resigned. “Can we say it’s happenstance or can we say one plus one is (two) in this situation.”
Solomon estimated as many as five staff members might leave because of the vaccination mandate, but he said it’s worth the risk.
“We felt that the safety and well-being of our residents and our staff was our No. 1 priority. And with that positivity rate growing substantially, we felt that this was our best way of combating the virus from entering into the community,” Solomon said, noting that on Thursday one resident had COVID-19.
Another nursing-home operator, PruittHealth, this week announced that it would require all its employees to be vaccinated for COVID-19. The company owns long-term care facilities in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina.
In a statement, the company said it was implementing the mandate because of low vaccination rates among its workers. Its four Florida nursing homes are in Fleming Island, Panama City, Tallahassee and Santa Rosa County.
“One life lost to COVID-19 is too many, and as caregivers, we have a responsibility to look out for the health and well-being of this most vulnerable patient population, their families, and the communities each of us calls home,” Neil L. Pruitt, Jr., chairman and CEO of PruittHealth, said in a prepared statement.
Only Louisiana, where 44% of the staff was vaccinated, had a lower percentage of vaccinated workers than Florida’s 45.1%. But in Louisiana, 29% of the nursing homes reported new COVID-19 infections among workers, lower than Florida’s 40%
The AARP report is culled from data that nursing homes provide to the federal Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The analysis is conducted by the AARP Public Policy Institute and the Scripps Gerontology Center at Miami University in Ohio.
The report showed that 3.3% of Florida nursing homes reported a great need for personal protective equipment during the four-week period in June and July, which was less than the 4.1% nationally.
Also, about 18% of nursing homes reported having shortages of direct-care workers during the period. Nationally 23.7% of facilities reported not having enough direct-care staff.